Depression. We’ve all heard of it. We all think we know what it is. But do we?

Depression isn’t just about feeling down, nor is it about what goes on in our heads, but what happens in our bodies, too.

Studies show that as many as 1 in 4 of us will experience a mental health problem at some point in our lives. That means you know someone—probably several someones—with depression, anxiety, an eating disorder or something else. It’s therefore important that when we write about these things we do so accurately, sensitively, and honestly.

I’ve written in the past how to write about psychopathy, sociopathy, and panic attacks. Now it’s time to find out more about depression, and how to write about it…

Writing about depression can be difficult whether you've experienced it or not. Find out how to write about depression with this blog post.

Things to know about depression before you start

There are different kinds

This is imperative to remember before we begin. Different types of depression can manifest differently and be triggered by different things. Some examples are:

  • Reactive depression
  • Clinical depression
  • Bipolar disorder (used to be known as manic depression)
  • Major depressive disorder
  • SADs
  • Post natal depression
  • Prenatal depression
  • Dysthymia

This is a general guide. The symptoms vary in extremity depending on the type of depression the person experiences.

Treatments vary

If you want therapy in the UK, chances are you’ll have to go private. Being offered anything other than pills on the NHS makes you VERY lucky right now. Pills are a short-term fix, but they’re cheaper than therapy.

There are many types of antidepressants, but some of the most common are citalopram and sertraline. Side effects can include fatigue and diarrhoea.

If you go down the therapy route, you’ll either speak to a counsellor, psychologist, or psychiatrist. The latter is the only one that can prescribe pills.

Cognitive behavioural therapy is seen as the best way of treating depression.

Triggers can be big or small

A death of a loved one can trigger depression as can losing your job. However, so can a build up of smaller, seemingly inconsequential things.

Mental health is a tricky thing. It’s not all black and white, no matter how much we may want it to be.

It’s linked to other disorders

Depression is linked to many other mental health problems, most commonly anxiety and eating disorders. It can also tie in with physical health problems like fibromyalgia.

It has physical side effects, too

The longer depression goes on, the more likely it is to be tied to physical pain. Yes, pain. Pain that makes you think you’ve pulled a muscle, or have a brain tumour, or are dying. Pain that your oversensitive mind jumps to conclusions about.

It can also manifest as aching all over the body; like your body is made of lead and standing takes all of your energy.

You’re not always suicidal

Most people assume those that are depressed are suicidal. That’s not always the case. You can feel down and hate yourself but not want to take your own life. You can still strive to be better and to be fixed, just not know which direction to turn in. You may even be scared to take your own life, or worry how those that depend on you would cope without you. That makes you hate yourself more, doubt yourself more, and feel like even more of a failure.

Learn how to write about depression with this guide from The Writer's Cookbook.

Psychological Symptoms

Feeling down

This one is obvious, and the most well-known. It’s not a case of feeling upset that your favourite TV show has finished for the summer, though. This is crippling: it stops you from functioning. It must last for a prolonged period of time (usually a few months) to be labelled as depression.

Self Doubt

Doubting yourself is a horrible thing, but it’s a key part of depression.

Being cranky

Depression isn’t just about being down. Your mood can also be ratty and unsociable. You may become misanthropic. People will bore/irritate you. You’d rather be at home in bed, or watching TV. Anything but deal with people.


Depression makes you feel alone. It doesn’t matter how many people are around you. It tells you that you’re alone. There’s no way out. No one cares. You’re worthless. Why talk to anyone? They won’t listen. It’s a constant cycle of self-hatred and self-doubt that causes you to isolate yourself, but may also cause others to isolate themselves from you because they don’t know how to handle your moods.


Even if something isn’t your fault, you may feel plagued by guilt.

Lack of motivation

When you’re low on energy it’s easy to feel demotivated. Put that on top of self-doubt and you begin to wonder what the point in doing anything is, even things you used to love. Why write a book if nobody’s going to read it? Why go out with friends when none of them like you? Why get out of bed when the day will suck anyway?

Lack of enjoyment

When you feel down all the time, it’s difficult to enjoy even your favourite things. You may find some things comforting, but they won’t fill you with glee like they once did. It’s like being stuck underneath a glass ceiling, with all the positive emotions trapped above it: you know they exist, but you can’t reach them.

Loss of libido

It makes sense that if you have no energy, interest in doing things, and struggle to enjoy things that you’re not interested in sex, either. It’s nothing personal against those you have—or don’t have—sex with, but it just doesn’t appeal to you anymore.

Poor performance at work

This ties in with the lack of motivation: you lack the desire and energy to do anything, so it rubs off on other aspects of your life, and work is no exception.

How to write about depression.

Physical Symptoms

Lack of energy

Depression saps your energy. It turns you into a zombie, making you question what’s physically wrong with you when actually, it’s all tied to your depression.


It’s amazing the impact mental health problems can have on your digestive system.

Messed up menstrual cycle

When your body is out of sorts, so is your menstrual cycle.

Changes in weight or appetite

Some people eat more when they’re depressed, others eat less. It varies from person to person. It may only be a subtle change that close friends pick up on, but it will be there. Some find solace in food: there’s a reason it’s called ‘comfort food’. Others punish themselves by not eating: why do something they enjoy if they don’t deserve it? Or they don’t want to eat because they feel nauseous, or they lack the energy to make and prepare food so don’t bother.

Disturbed sleep

When you can’t switch off and your mind is filled with doubt, it’s inevitable that sleep will be affected. It can be trouble falling asleep, trouble staying asleep, or trouble waking up.

Sleeping a lot without feeling refreshed

Sleep is how our body recovers, but if we’re not sleeping properly we’re going to feel drained. When your brain and body can’t switch off properly you can’t recharge properly, so when you wake up you’re not going to feel refreshed. You may need more sleep than usual, or wake up after twelve hours of sleep and still feel drained.

Speaking more slowly than usual

When you lack energy and confidence, you have less conviction in what you’re saying. Words come out mumbled, possibly inaudible. You may not even realise you’re doing it, but those around you will ask you to repeat yourself or accuse you of mumbling because they don’t understand what you’re saying.


Depression is a complicated thing to write about, but just like it’s important for us to represent people from different races and cultures, it’s important for us to represent people with different mental and physical illnesses too. Not only does this make those that suffer from such things feel less ‘other’, but it also allows those that haven’t been through the same thing to empathise with those from other situations to them.

Sources and further reading

Writing about depression helps to increase awareness and make those suffering to feel less alone. Discover how to write about it in this post.

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